Introduction to Nepal

The Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal, is a landlocked sovereign state located in South Asia. With an area of 147,181 square kilometers and a population of approximately 27 million (and nearly 2 million absentee workers living abroad), Nepal is the world's 93rd largest country by land mass and the 41st most populous country. It is located in the Himalayas and bordered to the north by the People's Republic of China, and to the south, east, and west by the Republic of India.

Eight out of the ten highest mountains in the world are situated in Nepal; including the Mount Everest which is 8848 meters above the sea level is the highest point on earth. Being a mountainous country, Nepal has many fast flowing rivers and streams and also, has the second largest potentiality of hydropower in the world.

Tourism is one of the main sources of income of Nepal, where the facility of jungle safari, rafting, trekking and sightseeing is abundantly available for the tourists. About 80% of the population live in remote rural villages and farming is their main source of income. Due to unemployment in the country, the Nepalese government has granted approval to foreign employment maintaining due process through the concerned agencies or organization to provide necessary manpower to the foreign country.

Nepal has always been one of the few countries, which is rich in cultural heritage and has immense natural beauty, fabulous and statuesque religious shrines that are located in every corner of its land. It is also known as the land of temples, amazing extremes, birth place of lord Buddha and the home of the world's highest peak in the world with Mt. Everest standing tall at 8848 meters with about thirty six ethnic groups, warm people, resplendent art and architecture. Nepal is also known as the homeland of legendary world-famous soldiers, Gurkhas, and the country of Great Himalayas.

A developing, mountainous and land locked, country, Nepal is situated between China in the north and India in the East, West and South, that is why it is also called as “A YAM BETWBEEN TWO STONES” with a population of nearly 27 million people and predominantly an agricultural country with above 80% of it's population engaged in agriculture. Nepal is abundant in natural resources and because of the natural beauty coupled with its unique culture and tradition, tourism is rapidly growing in Nepal.

Nepal is very rich in water resources. It is the second richest country in the world, as there are several rivers that originate from the Himalayas which never dry also Nepal has many lakes and ponds and there is sufficient rain fall in Nepal every year. Nepal is a beautiful country with diverse ecology. It has three diverse ecological zones - tropical Terai (Plains), subtropical hilly region, and the cold mountains in the north. These three climatic regions run parallel through the east to the west. Hilly region runs in between the plains and the mountains.

 

Nepali Culture

Cultural practices in Nepal differ from one place to another. A conglomeration lies in capital city Kathmandu where centuries of several cultural groups living together has led to form a national identity. Kathmandu Valley has served as the Nepal's cultural metropolis since the unification of Nepal in the eighteenth century by Late King Prithvi Narayan Shah from Gorkha. The timeless Kathmandu Valley that has attracted explorers and conquerors since the beginning of its history, encompasses in its boundary cities of Kathmandu, Bhaktapur and Lalitpur, all three cities that provide a peek into the bygone era of splendor.

 

Economy of Nepal

An isolated, agrarian society until the mid 20th century, Nepal entered the modern era in 1951 without schools, hospitals, roads, telecommunications, electric power, industry, or civil service. The country has, however, made progress toward sustainable economic growth since the 1950s and is committed to a program of economic liberalization.

Agriculture remains Nepal's principal economic activity, employing 80% of the population and providing 37% of GDP. Only about 20% of the total area is cultivable; another 33% is forested; most of the rest is mountainous. Rice and wheat are the main food crops. The lowland Terai region produces an agricultural surplus, part of which supplies the food deficient hill areas.

 

Climate

Nepal has four major seasons, namely, Winter: December- February. Spring: March- May. Summer :June - August and Autumn: September to November. Nepal can be visited whole year around.

 

Nepal at Glance

Name of the Country Nepal
Area 140,800 sq km
Population 27 million
Capital City Kathmandu
People Newar, Brahmins, Chhetris, Tibetans, Gurungs, Magars, Tamangs, Rais, Limbu, Sherpas
National Language Nepali
Inflation 2.1%
Annual Growth 6%
Major income sources Tourism, Handicraft, Agriculture and Remittance